Coronavirus Treatment and Prevention

In early 2020, Coronavirus became the news headlines all over the world because of the unprecedented speed of its transmission. Over 150 countries are dealing with it and many are trying to find Coronavirus treatment. But, up to now (March 15th, 2020), no promising results have been achieved.

Despite the global concern and panic over coronavirus, if you stay out of public, it is unlikely to become infected with COVID-19. You could get infected if you have contact with someone who’s confirmed to have the virus, or through your hands to mouth and eyes.

The CDC and officials state that being informed and practicing self-hygiene is the best way to stop its spread chain and help to find Coronavirus treatment.
In this blog, Southern Nevada Occupational Health Center tries to answer some of the most frequent questions asked about coronavirus.

 

What is the (COVID-19) Coronavirus, and How to Prevent It?

It is a type of new respiratory virus that causes mild symptoms to severe pneumonia. Coronavirus was first identified in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China. Now, more than 150 countries are dealing with coronavirus. Some countries like Italy have imposed strict quarantine around the country.
we cover all the information, precautions, and common questions asked by our clients at SNOHC about Coronavirus.


Coronavirus

You can have more information about what is the Coronavirus (COVID-19) in this blog.


What are the Coronavirus Symptoms?

COVID-19 symptoms include fever, sore throat, cough, headache, runny nose. If your symptoms last for more than three days, visit healthcare centers immediately.
How Soon Do Symptoms of Coronavirus Appear after Infection?
Generally, the symptoms appear 2–14 days after exposure, but it depends on the type of virus and the immune system of the infected person.

Why is Coronavirus Different?

There are many different kinds of coronaviruses. Some of them just can cause the common cold. But COVID-19 is called novel because it has not been identified in humans before.

According to the reports, CDC makes preparation for a pandemic in the US. Scientists believe COVID 19 is unusual since it jumped from an animal to a human, which is rare. Then it became transmissible from human to human, which is even rarer.

While an infected person is not showing any symptoms, he can still be transmitting the COVID-19. This worries experts. Lack of understanding prevents scientists from finding coronavirus treatment. This worries experts more.

 

For Coronavirus Treatment, first, you should know how it spreads

Our current understanding of how COVID-19 spreads is based on recent findings, which are changing a lot. This makes coronavirus treatment harder. Mostly COVID-19 spreads person to person, while the general source is considered to be animals. It spreads, like the cold, by droplets when a person speaks, coughs or sneezes. These droplets can land on people’s nose, mouth, or eyes who are nearby. These droplets are too heavy to travel far through to the air. They travel approximately only 1 meter and quickly settle on surfaces.

You can be exposed when you are in close contact with someone who is sick. People are supposed to be most contagious when they have Coronavirus (COVID-19) symptoms. Reports indicate that people have become sick after coming in contact with someone with no or little symptoms. On average, it is estimated that a sick person will infect between two and three others.
It is wise to clear the surfaces you come in touch with regularly. You should, therefore, avoid touching your eyes, mouth, or nose since contaminated hands can transfer the virus from the surface to yourself. The most effective way to prevent coronavirus (COVID-19) is to frequently clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or soap and water. Stopping the spread chain will help coronavirus treatment.

The latest areas of sustained community spread include China, South Korea, Japan, Iran, and Italy.

 

high-level-risk-area

 

Does Coronavirus Spread Quickly? Does it affect coronavirus treatment?

Yes. Coronavirus has more contagious capability than the seasonal flu. What worries WHO, governments, and healthcare is the high rate of transmission.

The virus spreads pretty easily and quickly in a community. If simple preventive measures are not conducted, one infected person can contaminate two-three others. This puts more pressure on hospitals, their staff healthcare, and hinders finding coronavirus treatment.

 

How Long Coronavirus lasts/survives/lives on Surfaces?

Coronavirus does not infiltrate into the body from healthy skin but survives for 10m on the skin, so never touch your eyes or mouth with unwashed hands.

Coronavirus survives on cloth for 6-12 hours, on metal for 12-20 hours, and on steel for 20 days.

 

How is Coronavirus Diagnosed?

The common symptoms mentioned earlier is a sign that you are infected with the coronavirus. But, the infection can be diagnosed definitely by a test called PCR or Polymerase Chain Reaction. This test identifies the virus based on its genetic fingerprint.

 

Will warm weather help coronavirus treatment?

To somehow, yes. We know that Coronavirus survives in -60 Celsius by dies in +30 Celcius. So it’s better to do the washing and cleaning with hot water.

 

How can you help finding coronavirus treatment by protecting yourself?

Like HIV, Coronavirus affects the immune system. So, the elderly, people with a weak immune system, or those who suffer chronic illness are at a more level of risk.

Flu vaccination is the best defense during cold and flu season and would help in coronavirus treatment. Regular hand-washing accompanied by basic measures to improve your immune system to fight the illness: hydrate and eat nutritious foods, get enough sleep, and exercise.
To help find Coronavirus treatment, practicing preventive measures and stopping the transmission chain will be a breakthrough.

  • Wash, at least for 20 seconds, your hands with soap and water. If not available, use alcohol-based hand sanitizers. 60% of alcohol ones will suffice.
  • With unwashed hands, Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth.
  • Avoid any form of close contact with sick people.
  • When you are sick, stay home.
  • Cover your mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing with the bend of your elbow or use disposable tissue.
  • For the frequently touched objects and surfaces, clean and disinfect them constantly.
  • Since coronavirus is large, every kind of mask can protect you. But the mask must be dry to be protective. It means you need to change them regularly.
  • There is no need to wash all of your clothes. Putting them under the sun or over the radiator will suffice.
  • After washing hands, if you are not going to any infected place, use cream to prevent Eczema.
  • Coronavirus will be wiped out by hot water and household detergents.
  • Take a shower with hot water.
  • Avoid cold drinks and food. Drink hot water (tea, coffee, etc.)
  • Coronavirus gathers mostly in the nose, so wash it frequently with hot water.
  • If access to hot water is not available, chew gum to keep your throat and saliva wet.
  • Set suitable air conditioning for the office and home.
  • During the day, hold your breath for 10-15 seconds, then breathe it out. If you cough or have shortness of breath, visit healthcare service immediately. Don’t procrastinate. It might get really late.

 

Coronavirus Treatment and Prevention

 

How Possible is it for you to get the Coronavirus?

Nobody knows exactly. No one knows when and how coronavirus treatment or vaccine will be found out. One definite-clear thing is that you should try to protect yourself from getting infected. Containment or keeping the infection under control is a good way to lift some pressure from hospitals and labs to let them find coronavirus treatment.

 

Does disinfecting most touched surfaces at home ease the coronavirus treatment?

Information and data are changing daily and even hour by hour about the Coronavirus. The most recent data says that hospitals, gas stations, and public places are the major source for transferring the coronavirus. During an epidemic, and in general, you spend most of your time at home, so your home can also be a major source of transferring viruses. It is absolutely necessary to clean and disinfect the frequently surfaces and objects at home to take one more step in coronavirus treatment.

They include:

  • Fridge
  • bathroom (esp. the toilet), bath and faucet
  • Remote controls
  • Light switches.
  • Salt shaker
  • Kitchen countertop
  • Scour pad /Sponge
  • Chopping board
  • Toothbrush
  • Trash Bin
  • Door handles
  • Sink
  • Makeups
  • Buttons on electrical items
  • Door handles
  • Laptop keyboard
  • Cellphone

 

Safety Tips for the Prevention of Coronavirus at Home

CDC suggests to stay home if you are sick and avoid going out. But, in terms of an epidemic, staying home would be the best preventive measure. Italy and Iran (Persia) have imposed travel restrictions, and people barely get out of the home. Therefore, keeping the home and kitchen clean would be wise and is another useful step toward coronavirus treatment. Tips to consider for cleaning the house includes:

  • Use alcohol-based sanitizers while cleaning outer parts of the house, such as the window.
  • Disinfect outer handles on the door with alcohol-based sanitizers frequently.
  • Put some alcohol-based sanitizers before the entrance of the house.
  • All the shopping must be done by one member while practicing all hygiene points.
  • Avoid sending kids to shopping.
  • Don’t bring the shopping bags into the house.
  • Disinfect the packages in case infected people may have touched them.
  • Clean & disinfect fruits and vegetables before putting in the fridge.
  • Wash hands before cooking.
  • When coming back home, don’t bring shoes into the house. Put them out; better in open space and under the sun.
  • Don’t touch your shoes without gloves. Wash your hands after touching shoes.
  • Disinfect your cell phone, laptop, and keyboard daily.
  • Consider putting outfits in a separate place.
  • Disinfect light switches, elevator keys, and door handles daily.
  • Don’t let kids play outside until the situation clears.

 

Should you be concerned over coronavirus treatment?

Yes and no. The experts say that there are other diseases which have a higher mortality rate than coronavirus that we haven’t found a treatment for. The problem with coronavirus is that it transfers really fast. We must stop the spread, then work on other steps.

When you

  • Practice the general self-hygiene
  • Avoid contacting with others, particularly those who have the symptoms of sickness as much as you can
  • Skip traveling
  • Stay out of public places

there shouldn’t be much concern over it.

If you develop shortness of breath or symptoms of respiratory illness, such as cough or fever, 14 days after travel to an affected country, you should contact a healthcare professional.

 

 Who should be most concerned over coronavirus?

Pregnant women, the elderly, people with chronic respiratory diseases, organ transplantation, and anyone with a weak immune system is at most risk. If you have made contact with someone showing the mentioned symptoms, you should call a healthcare professional. They will determine if you need to be tested for Coronavirus.

 

Are Some People More at Risk From Coronavirus than Others?

Elderly people and those who suffer from a health condition (like chronic respiratory disease, cancer, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, hypertension, etc.) are supposed to be at more risk of developing severe symptoms. Isolation of such people would be ideal until coronavirus treatment will be found.

 

Are you at Risk from Coronavirus in the United States?

The situation is evolving rapidly, and the risk assessment may change daily. The level of risk is still very low in American communities. The latest updates are released on CDC’s 2019 Novel Coronavirus website.
Coronavirus cases in the US have been managed very well due to access to healthcare and the preparation of hospitals.
In this case, the CDC again advises practicing self-hygiene points and staying out of public as far as possible. The CDC demands to help labs and hospitals to help find coronavirus treatment.

 

Should Americans Be Worried about the Coronavirus in 2020?

According to the BBC report, the US officials say that risk for Coronavirus remains low for the general public, but is growing rapidly. Large gatherings have been banned. Also, national guard troops have been dispatched to cities on both the US East and West coasts.

Some states, including Washington, have declared a state of emergency to deal with the outbreak. The WHO has labeled the Coronavirus outbreak a pandemic.

While CDC officials warn the Coronavirus (COVID-19) will spread and may severely disrupt daily life, President Donald Trump has stated that the situation is “well under control.”

Around the world, stock markets are facing free-fall. Trades are forced to temporarily halt and many people are worried about their retirement funds.

Staying calm and practicing self-hygiene is the most important element to stop the spread chain and help coronavirus treatment.

 

Has Anyone been Infected with Coronavirus in the United States in 2020?

Yes. The first report of a coronavirus case in the US was on January 21, 2020. For detailed information or the latest updates, see the current U.S. case count of infection with COVID-19.

 

Avoid traveling to high-risk countries to help coronavirus treatment

Try to avoid all unnecessary travel to China, South Korea (level 3), Italy, Japan, and Iran. Remain updated with CDC’s travel health notices related to coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak. Due to high

 

What Can a Traveler Do to Protect Himself and Others over Coronavirus?

While traveling, practice the general self-hygiene principles:

  • Avoid any form of contact with sick people.
  • Don’t touch, with unwashed hands, your mouth, nose, and eyes.
  • Wash frequently your hands for 20 seconds with soap and water or alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
  • If hands are visibly dirty, soap and water should be used.
  • Cleaning hands before eating, after coughing, sneezing, or blowing your nose and going to the bathroom is highly important.
  • Due to the short supply of tissues, hand sanitizer, and other hygiene products, consider bringing them with you.
  • If you are sick, avoid traveling.
  • Keep 1-meter distance with others.

 

How can You Protect Yourself While Traveling During the Coronavirus Outbreak?

Up to Jan. 30, 2020, the CDC and WHO have advised avoid travel to areas where outbreaks have been reported. If you have to travel, avoid animals, animal markets, sick people, and discuss the details of your journey with your doctor.

The CDC advises travel ban strongly for the elderly, sick, and people suffering from the weak immune system.

If you intend to travel, you definitely should practice basic hygiene that prevents you from getting sick.

 

Is Coronavirus Dangerous?

Due to the high spread rate and the fact that finding coronavirus treatment and vaccination takes a long time, it makes it more dangerous. The experts argue that the virus originally jumped into humans from animals, which is rare. Then it infected other humans really quickly, which is even rarer. Lack of understanding of coronavirus has made it more frightening.

 

Is There a Coronavirus Treatment?

No.Up to now (March 15th 2020), there is no coronavirus treatment or vaccination. Some countries have developed research, but nothing is proved. “Moderna” -the US- the biotech company has announced an experimental coronavirus vaccine. Testing and its approval would last at least a year.

 

What’s it Like to Have Coronavirus?

Coronavirus happens in different stages. Once it has entered through your body, the virus sits in the throat and upper respiratory tract. In most cases, around 80- to 85%, the symptoms are mild, and they will quickly pass.

 

What happens in your body when you have coronavirus?

Connery, who was infected with Coronavirus and got recovered in an interview with WHO, says: The symptoms are like cold, the nose becomes stuffy. You may have ear/sinus problems, but you get better before you get worse. Then you get hit with the flu. With the flu, I had a headache and generally feeling unwell. He says he was getting better with the flu then got hit with pneumonia. This was the point when he went to the hospital.

He continues: it is like you have got 20% of your lungs working. You can’t take a full breath when you need to. If you stand up and walk, you are out of breath because you can’t get that breath. It sounds like you are breathing through a bag; your breath is very cracky and croaky. It’s not a fun thing and can be very serious. He couldn’t drink because of breathing problems. He had been in isolation for 40 days at the time of the interview.

 

coronavirus-patient's-lungs

 

Containment strategy to help coronavirus treatment and epidemic

CDC Director Dr. Robert Redfield indicated in an interview on Thursday that CDC is preparing its worst-case scenario. The CDC has focused on containment strategies to slow down the possible progression of the virus in the United States. It provides more time for researchers to develop and test vaccine and coronavirus treatment.

The containment strategy is designed to give us more time. Corona will become a community virus, this year or next year.

The containment strategy refers to the measurement to prevent wide transmission of coronavirus, which includes confirmed cases of the infection being isolated, and travel restrictions between affected areas in the world.

 

How Can You Help with Coronavirus Treatment in 2020?

To prevent further spread of coronavirus, just perform the general hygiene measures mentioned above in this blog. Avoid public places as far as you can.

 

What Can Businesses Do over Coronavirus treatment in 2020?

The CDC suggests that sick employees stay at home. The CDC urges employers not to ask for a healthcare provider’s note for employees who are sick with acute respiratory illness. They may be significantly busy to provide such documentation. Preventing even one person from infection will be a good step toward coronavirus treatment.

The CDC indicates that sick employers shouldn’t return to work until their temperature has returned to below 37.8 degrees Celsius(100.04 Fahrenheit) for at least 24 hours. CDC also suggests:

  • Clean all frequently touched surfaces (workstations, countertops, and doorknobs) frequently.
  • Provide disposable wipes for employees to clean/disinfect commonly used surfaces (for example, doorknobs, keyboards, remote controls, desks).
  • Make sure the employees practice basic correct coughing and sneezing etiquette. Also, assure they wash their hands properly for at least 20 seconds.

 

Does Hand Sanitizer Kill Coronavirus?

According to the CDC report, hand sanitizers are a convenient way to clean your hands, but they might not be as effective as washing hands. The CDC recommends sanitizers with at least 60% alcohol. The ones with lower concentrations of alcohol are not much effective in killing germs. 90% alcohol hand sanitizers are preferred to make sure it kills germs completely rather than just reducing their growth on your hands.

 

Why Washing hands is better than hand sanitizers for Coronavirus treatment?

People often wipe out their hands before the hand sanitizer dries completely, so the hand sanitizers won’t be as effective as washing hands. Also, hand sanitizers may not work if your hands are dirty or greasy because they can’t penetrate dirt and grease as soap can.

 

When should you use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer?

According to the CDC, when soap and water aren’t available, you should only use hand sanitizer. Try not to replace hand sanitizers with soap and water.

 

Can alcohol-based hand sanitizer protect you from coronaviruses?

When hand sanitizers are used correctly and in the right scenarios, they can protect you from both viral and bacterial infections. This means using hand sanitizers, which contain at least 60% alcohol, rubbing completely over your hands and waiting enough for it to dry before doing anything else with your hands. Experts say washing hands is much better than hand sanitizers.

 

What is the risk of getting Coronavirus from Contact with Pets and other Animals?

Some researches link the coronavirus COVID-19 to a type of bat as the original source of disease but do not exclude the involvement of other animals. Different types of coronaviruses can infect animals and can be transmitted to other animals and people. Experts can’t say for sure that companion animals pose a risk of infection to humans. But, they advise practicing basic principles of hygiene when in contact with animals and avoiding pet markets as much as possible.

 

coronavirus-dog

 

How Long Could the Coronavirus be with Us in 2020?

Prof. Rodney Rohde of the University College of Health Professions states that per guidance from the CDC, the likelihood of coronavirus  extending “beyond this season, beyond this year.” Nothing is clear. We must stop the spread chain until we are able to find coronavirus treatment or vaccination.

 

Conclusion

The essential point in this situation is not to panic. Unless it’s confirmed you’re positive for COVID-19, you don’t need to wear a mask or be quarantined. Finding coronavirus treatment takes time and experiments.

Practicing self-hygiene points will prevent you from coronavirus and other viruses.

When you read about coronavirus cases, travel bans, quarantines, and new deaths, it seems quite scary.

But the fact is that coronavirus is less widespread and severe than common infectious diseases, like the flu.

Follow, follow, follow the self-hygiene instructions, avoid public places as much as possible, and stay calm.

In this blog, we covered the most frequently and commonly asked questions by our clients at SNOHC about Coronavirus. SNOHC has been performing occupational health services for +15 years in Las Vegas. Please visit www.snohc.com, or call us at (702) 381-3989 for more information. Share your comments about this blog in the comment section below.

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