What is Hazmat Physical?
OSHA requires that every institution has a policy on hazardous materials (Hazmat). The company policy should be designed to protect employees from possible accidental exposure to chemicals, or other hazardous materials, that can cause health problems. OSHA mandates that every institution should have an Emergency Response Team Exam. In the unlikely event that an employee has been exposed to hazardous materials that can threaten health, the exam design to determine if the person is safe to return to work.
When a person has been exposed to hazardous materials, they may be ordered to have a comprehensive postexposure medical evaluation at SNOHC, which includes a review of their health/work history, and a physical exam. The physical exam should target the body’s systems that could be affected by hazardous chemicals. Evaluation is done to determine if the chemicals have caused any harm to the patient. The physician may order lab work, hearing tests, pulmonary function tests, chest X-ray, ECG (Electro-Cardiogram). Or, it may require preventative measures be taken, such as hepatitis B or tetanus vaccine (Tdap).
TESTS INCLUDED IN HAZMAT PHYSICAL EXAMS
- Apart from certain chemical tests, at SNOHC, we run additional medical tests depending upon the exposure to certain chemicals, available information and the history of exposure to different chemicals. At SNOHC, each individual is tested specifically depending on the wounds, injuries, and exposure to specific harmful chemicals. However, we do not run large and collective tests as it makes the Hazmat physical evaluation difficult. Running collective tests can produce wrong positive results.
- Pulmonary function tests are run at SNOHC on the individuals who use a respirator or who have been exposed to the toxic substances. Pulmonary function tests are also run on the patients who have reported irritation and hesitation in breathing. These tests are also essential for patients who have a history of breathing problems.
- Hazmat physical test also includes audiometric tests. The audiometric tests at SNOHC are run on the patients or the employees who are regularly exposed to high noises or who work in noisy environments.
At SNOHC, Hazmat physical exam also includes visual tests. The patients are examined for vision acuity. The visual test is necessary as it can keep a record of the vision degradation. The visual test also determines if both eyes of the patient has a vision of more than 70 degrees. At SNOHC, blood and urine tests are compulsory in a Hazmat physical test.