What is the Hep A?
Hepatitis A is a highly contagious liver infection caused by the hepatitis A virus. It ranges in severity from a mild illness lasting a few weeks to a severe disease lasting several months. Although rare, people have died from getting infected with the hepatitis A virus. Hepatitis A can spread through contact with objects, food or drinks contaminated with fecal matter – even in microscopic amounts – from an infected person. Contamination of food can happen at any point: growing, harvesting, processing, handling, and even cross-contamination with other food items after cooking. Raw shellfish, fruits, vegetables, and undercooked foods are common culprits in hepatitis A outbreaks. Waterborne outbreaks are typically associated with or water or ice from an inadequately treated or sewage-contaminated source.
CDC recommends that travelers to Mexico and other areas get vaccinated for hepatitis A in advance of travel. The vaccine is safe and effective and is the best way to prevent infection with the virus. The hepatitis A vaccine is typically given in two doses — an initial vaccination followed by another shot six months later. The first dose of hepatitis A vaccine should be given as soon as travel is planned. Two weeks or more before departure is ideal, but any time before travel will provide some protection for healthy individuals. Even if you are unable to get both doses of the vaccine before you travel, getting one dose is better and safer than traveling unvaccinated.
WHAT IS THE HEPATITIS B?
The term hepatitis is used to describe inflammation of the liver. Hepatitis B (HBV) is a type of hepatitis that is caused by a virus. Infection by the hepatitis B virus can lead to liver scarring, or cirrhosis, and liver cancer. Administration of the hepatitis B vaccine is a safe and very effective way to prevent a hepatitis B infection, and it is routinely given to newborns and children in the United States and internationally.
WHEN DOES A PATIENT NEED Hep B VACCINE?
Hepatitis B vaccination is currently recommended for all children, and for adults who are at risk for hepatitis B infection (via contact with an infected person’s body fluids). Adults who should receive the hepatitis B vaccine include healthcare and public safety personnel, people who are in close contact with patients who have chronic HBV, people with multiple sex partners, people with a history of STDs, people who engage in intravenous drug use, and diabetics between the ages of 19-59.
The hepatitis B vaccine is typically given as an injection in the arm. It is administered as a three-dose series, with the second dose given one month after the first dose and the third dose given six months after the first dose. After receiving all three doses, the hepatitis B vaccine provides greater than 90% protection to those immunized before being exposed to the virus.
Who should get Hep A and Hep B vaccine?
Hep A and B are some of the most serious kind of diseases which are being caused by virus. It means you can get Hep A or Hep B due to any viral infection. Although the viruses behind both of these diseases are different but both are a similar kind of affect and diseases in your body. Hepatitis can cause liver inflammation and if this is not going to be treated properly and on time then this can be dangerous or even life threatening too at sometimes. There are safe and effective way to get rid of any of such problem in the best possible way and that is with the help of vaccine available for Hep A and Hep B.
Well, this vaccine is highly recommended for the people who are suffering from chronic liver problems, intravenous (IV) drugs users, suffering from hemophilia, receiving blood transfusions, etc. Moreover, people who are living in rehab or correctional institutes or with a person suffering from Hep A or B or working in healthcare department where they are being exposed to bloody fluid are also recommended to get vaccination. However, CDC also recommend Hep A vaccine for the children with age between 12 to 23 months.